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Nutrition food is our desired satisfaction




nutrition is food is our desired satisfaction
Nutrition food is our desired satisfaction




Nutrition food is our desired satisfaction


We eat food to survive. Meals include cheap food, junk food and nutritious balanced food. There are also expensive and cheap food. The best nutritious balanced food. Many people think that eating nutritious food will cost more and will be more expensive. But the address at all. If the list is considered and considered with intelligence, skill and experience, it is possible to provide the necessary balanced nutritious food at a low price. We have a taste for food and we are interested in nutrition but not so much. That's why there are always problems with nutrition. In our country, some people are suffering from malnutrition as well as malnutrition. This is only due to lack of nutritional knowledge. With a little thought, planning and skill, we can eat well and have a healthy diet.We can keep ourselves free from thousands of ailments. In fact, we need food for physical, mental and intellectual needs.



Although Bangladesh has made significant progress in food production, ensuring child and maternal nutrition and adopting a nutritious diet consisting of a variety of foods at the individual and family level is still a major challenge. Breastfeeding and supplementation are still inadequate, especially for infant nutrition. Malnutrition and chronic illness are the main causes of malnutrition and excess in the diet of a person. Chronic diseases can be easily prevented by choosing and consuming a balanced diet. Research is still needed to accurately disclose the relationship of health to food. The people of Bangladesh are currently suffering from two types of malnutrition. Malnutrition and long-term non-communicable diseases related to food. Significant malnutrition due to malnutrition includes short stature, low weight and leanness. Chronic non-communicable diseases related to food are obesity,Hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, cancer and bone softening in old age.



In order to reduce the rate of malnutrition and food-related chronic diseases associated with food intake, final decisions have been made at various national and international levels that each country needs to have a food intake guideline in line with its own eating habits. One of the main objectives of the National Food and Nutrition Policy and the Bangladesh National Nutrition Plan 1996 was to publish food intake guidelines. The mortality rate of long-term food-related diseases is many times higher than the mortality rate of malnutrition. For this, priority has been given to the publication of National Food Security Guidelines in Bangladesh National Food Security, Agriculture and Nutrition Investment Plan (2011-2015) and National Nutrition Policy 2015. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have also advised each nation to include specific information in its food guidelines. Figures of recent food malnutrition,The rate of long-term disease related to food, recent dietary intake, as well as the demand for food items of different ages published internationally, seasonal foods are considered very important considering the current food ingredients, seasonal food is considered very important in the current diet. Food intake guidelines based on researched knowledge will help in improving nutritious food intake.



Food diversity needs to be given priority along with regional diets. Basic foods such as rice, bread, fish, meat, milk, eggs, pulses, vegetables and fruits should be taken in the right amount. It is important to focus on food exchange and serving in the food intake process. In order to maintain good health, moderate intake of food from every food department should be given priority. The goals of a nutritious diet are to improve the nutritional status of the people of Bangladesh and to prevent malnutrition; Maintaining proper nutritional status of pregnant and lactating mothers; Ensuring that infants are properly breastfed and supplemented; Preventing and controlling chronic diseases related to eating habits; Prolonging the life expectancy of the elderly with good health. More than one-third of Bangladesh's population suffers from protein and caloric malnutrition, of which 36 per cent are malnourished.Farmers have 14 percent and low weight 33 percent. On average, a quarter of women suffer from chronic caloric malnutrition, most of whom are simultaneously deficient in zinc, iron and iodine. We have to keep an eye on these with caution.

 


For a standard diet …


There are 10 food intake guidelines and nutritional messages to maintain the health of the people. Which is easy for the common people. It will inspire timely ideas about nutritious and balanced diet. This will give a scientific idea of ​​how much food people will consume, how much oil, salt, sugar and water they will consume every day. It also gives a brief idea of ​​the pros and cons of different foods. The guidelines provide the necessary guidelines for safe food and cooking, which, if implemented, will prevent food wastage and maintain good health. Eating a balanced and varied diet every day; Moderate intake of oil and fatty foods; Taking a limited amount of iodized salt daily; Taking a limited amount of sweet foods; Drink adequate amounts of safe water and beverages every day; Safe food intake;Maintaining an ideal weight through a balanced diet as well as regular physical exertion; Accustom yourself to proper cooking, proper eating habits and healthy living; Taking extra food as needed during pregnancy and lactation; Only breastfeed until 6 months of age and give extra food after 6 months.

 


Daily balanced and varied nutrition …


Daily intake of rice, bread or other cereals as per demand; Eating a combination of rice and bread with pulses-fish-meat-eggs; Cooking and taking basavat without washing the rice too much; Red rice and red flour are sources of protein, fiber, oil, mineral salts and vitamins, so take them in moderation. Take 1-4 medium sized pieces of fish and meat and 1 to 1/2 cup of pulses (30-60 gm) daily; Maintaining the ideal ratio of weight of rice and pulses or gram and gram in the absence of animal protein to 3: 1; Take at least 2 seasonal fruits (100 gm) daily. Eat 1 pressed banana, 1 mango; Eat fruits rich in vitamin C such as mango, guava, grapefruit, ripe mango to increase iron absorption after meals; Take at least 100 grams or 1 bunch of vegetables and 200 grams or 2 cups of vegetables daily; Take at least 1 cup (150 ml) of milk or half a cup of yogurt daily for recovery;In old age, take nanitola milk and skim milk.



Oil and Fat Nutrition Message: 


Take an average of 30-45 ml or 2-3 tablespoons of oil per adult per day; Cooking mainly uses vegetable oils such as mustard, soybean, rice bran oil; Use as little ghee, dalda and butter as possible; Elimination of excessively fried and oily foods; Avoid regular high fat bakery food cakes, pastries, fast food, hot dogs, burgers, high calorie food parota, kachchi, biryani, polao, korma, rezala, processed meats, grilled chicken. These foods contain trans fats which are harmful to health; It is necessary to refrain from taking uncertified open oil in the market.



Nutrition of iodine and sweet foods Take less than 1 teaspoon of iodized salt daily;Refrain from taking excess salt during meals; Omitting or limiting the intake of high-salt foods; Refrain from taking testing salts. Take less than 25 grams or 5 teaspoons of sugar daily; Avoid sweet soft drinks; Consumption of bakery-made biscuits, cakes, jam jellies, chocolates, candy sweets and sweet foods in limited quantities; Encouraging natural sugar intake by eating different types of seasonal fruits. And the nutritional message regarding water intake is to drink 1.5-3.5 liters or 8-14 glasses of pure water every day; It is more nutritious to drink coconut water or fresh fruit juice instead of soft drinks and artificial juices.



For pregnant women ...


Iron-rich foods during pregnancy such as meat, legumes, jute, kachushak, chira; Eat seasonal fruits at this time, especially after meals; Tea, coffee taken between the two main meals; Maintaining proper weight gain during pregnancy; If you can't eat at once, eat again and again; Avoiding misconceptions and superstitions about food; Get regular health care and checkups.

 


For babies …


breastfeeding within 1 hour of birth; Exclusive breastfeeding for the growth of the baby up to 6 months of age; Ensuring family support and adequate rest for the expectant mother; When the baby is 6 months old, in addition to breast milk, appropriate complementary foods like potato, boiled, cooked, khichuri and breast milk till 2 years of age; From the age of 1 year the child will eat on its own, it is not right to force feed; Refrain from giving soft and sweet drinks to the child as these cause tooth decay; Breastfeeding mothers should be prevented from smoking, drinking alcohol, tobacco and taking harmful drugs.



Nutritious cooking …


follow the method of cooking vegetables over high heat and in a short time; Steamed and baked foods are more nutritious; Do not leave fruits and vegetables in the open air after cutting; Use lids when cooking; Cooked in less water with less spices; Avoiding reuse of fried oil; For eating after cooking: timely intake of food and avoid overeating; Who has the habit of chewing food well; Eating seasonal fruits at the end of a meal; Refrain from over-feeding the young and old.

 


Living a healthy life …


Eliminating the habit of sleeping immediately after meals and getting 7-8 hours of sleep daily to maintain good health; Exercise at least 30-45 minutes daily; Eliminating habits such as smoking, drinking, tobacco and chewing betel; The habit of washing hands with soap before, after eating, after using the bathroom and entering the house from outside; Cut nails once a week; From the age of 2 years, everyone (except pregnant mothers) should take deworming tablets once in 6 consecutive months after meals; A full body medical checkup must be done at least once a year.


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Eating safe …


Eating stale, rotten and contaminated food can lead to serious illness and even death. Attacks by bacteria, viruses and fungi poison food and drink. Rats and poisonous insects make food unacceptable. Food is contaminated due to the open cuts and wounds of the person engaged in food preparation and personal uncleanliness. Dust, mosquitoes also contaminate food. Chickens in dirty and unhealthy places can be infected by germs during dressing. Excess hormones are used to fatten cows and buffaloes, which is not safe for human health. Bats and birds poison the sap of date and palm trees, which is a serious threat to life. Many times the rules of cleanliness are not followed in making juices, open syrups and soft drinks. As a result, the risk of contracting various food borne diseases like typhoid, diarrhea and diarrhea increases. Food adulterants, alsoUnauthorized and excessively harmful colors and odors are used, which is a health risk.



The use of harmful chemicals and dyes makes spoiled, stale and low quality food attractive. Canned and packaged foods contain a variety of synthetic chemicals such as testing salts, trans fats, as well as unapproved and excessive food additives, which increase the risk of obesity, breast cancer, prostate cancer, high blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes. In our country, there is a tendency to use unapproved or excessive hormones to market vegetables and fruits before the season for higher profits. On the other hand, vegetables, fruits, fish, these perishable foods contain formalin which is harmful to health. Naturally ripe fruits and vegetables are rich in nutrients. Food preparation, labeling, food preservation, production and expiration,Knowledge and ideas about food transfer and personal hygiene make food safe and help maintain good health.



Safe nutrition message: 


Purchase ripe vegetables and fruits in full season that are nutritious and affordable; Refrigerate or refrigerate food before ingestion; Refrain from eating contaminated water and contaminated food; Verify as much color, flavor and size as possible when purchasing fish, meat, vegetables and fruits; Refrain from eating cut, sore food and food contaminated by birds; Refrain from eating uncovered or open food. There is also a need for physical exercise along with a safe diet. Because regular and moderate exercise is very important to stay healthy. In that sense, it is necessary to do physical work every day. That's why we do our daily chores; Actively participate in work by reducing reliance on machinery; Walk 2-3 miles every day for at least 30 minutes, exercise;Climb the stairs instead of using the elevator or escalator. Maintain a balanced diet and a balanced weight market with physical labor; Getting used to at least 30-45 minutes of various physical activities such as walking, running, cycling, swimming: Light physical activity such as walking or doing household chores after eating is very important.


Adult foods need to be nutritious and approved by a nutritionist. Nutritionists say 400 grams of rice (53 percent) will be on the plate for an older person at any given time; 50 grams of seasonal fruits (8 percent); 200 g mixed vegetables (15 percent); 20 grams of pulses (4 percent); 50 g fish-meat-eggs (6 percent); 100 grams of vegetables (15 percent). By calculating in this way, we will be considered to have eaten nutritious food and we will be healthy. In fact, if we eat nutritious food according to the rules, we will stay healthy every day.


We have a lot of bad habits in food intake. For example, we eat more of the food we like all the time. There is less diversity in our food at the dining table. But there is an urgent need for more food combinations. Every day you can have rice with some vegetables, fruits, non-vegetarian food. Playing some of these items will change the taste and we will be able to enjoy the combination of nutrients. Another of our faults is that I eat tied 3 times. Morning noon night. But the rule is to eat some light food all the time if you get a chance during the day. In this way nutritional balance is maintained effortlessly. We need to pay close attention to fresh non-toxic nutritious food. By eating nutritious food we will become a nutritious nation. This is our constant and sincere and effective commitment





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